Connect with us


Physical Therapy for Knee – Techniques and Exercises for Pain Relief

Nichole Kerr



Physical therapy for knee ache entails a thorough comparison and evaluation of your complete decrease extremity from your hip to your foot.  Physical therapy for knee can determine your knee ache and prescribe the proper remedies along with workout routines and modalities to assist reduce your knee ache and enhance your typical mobility.

The human knee is a hinge joint that is comprised of the tibia (shin) and the femur (thigh). The patella, or kneecap, is positioned in the   front of the knee. The knee is supported with the aid of four ligaments. Two shock absorbers, every referred to as a meniscus, are located inside the knee.

Pain in the knee can be induced through repetitive trauma and stress or injury. Occasionally it takes place for no apparent reason. When knee ache occurs, you may additionally trip useful boundaries that consist of situation walking, rising from sitting, or ascending and descending stairs.

Knee ache can be a difficult element to tackle, due to the fact the knee is a joint that is nearly continuously in use. Everyday activities like sitting, standing up, walking, and even mountaineering the stairs demand the use of the knees, and aching knees can be unbearable. Thankfully, Physical therapy for knee  pain that can assist a lot, and by means of performing a few easy exercises, you can control the ache or even limit it substantially. Here are some methods you can use and workout routines you can do to get remedy from knee pain. Make certain you talk about any workout routines you’re planning to do with your bodily therapist, to make certain that you’re doing the workouts in a way that isn’t damaging. Without further ado, right here are some recommendations for methods and workouts for Physical therapy for knees.

Techniques used to apprehend and relieve knee pain

Evaluating your gait – Assessing how you stroll can assist a bodily therapist recognize if your gait is affecting your knees badly? Sometimes, we inadvertently have a tendency to endure our weight on one of our two ft. whilst walking, inflicting the knee on that facet to take on greater pressure. Be more cautious with your knee joint, if you’re already injured then do not push yourself farther than you want to do.

Palpation method – By feeling the affected knee and the areas around it, a bodily therapist can parent out if there are any abnormalities in the joint. Palpation methods can assist therapists to work out the proper path of therapy for your knees.

Strength and vary of movement measurements – Measuring the vary of action round the joint can assist consider how effortlessly the knee can be bent and straightened. Strength comparison can measure the quantity of muscular weak spots and imbalance round your knee.

Exercises to relieve knee pain

Prone leg raises – This is a wonderful exercising that’s particularly underrated. You’ll commence by way of mendacity on your stomach. Then, tighten the muscle tissue in your backside and your hamstrings and carry your leg upward, except bending the knee. Hold this pose for about 5 seconds earlier than reducing your leg lower back to the preliminary position.

Side leg raises – This is a frequently encouraged workout that can relieve stress from the muscle mass round the knees. Lie on your left side, and stretch your legs out. Lift your proper leg upward barring bending your knee. Raise the leg as tons as you can barring experiencing pain. Repeat this motion on a different side.

Standing calf stretches – The muscle tissues connecting your calves to your knees can once in a while be beneath stress, inflicting your knees to undergo the brunt of the tension. Calf raises carried out in the standing function can assist stretch and loosen these tensed muscles, supplying some alleviation from knee ache that’s associated to these issues.

Stationary bike – If you’re eager on enhancing the  vary of action on your knee joint, exercising on a stationary bike can be a useful activity. Remember to go at a tempo that isn’t painful, and to make positive that your legs don’t cross sideways when they bend. It can be handy to get distracted and lose focal point halfway. So, attempt and listen on the activity.

Additional help in the structure of warm and bloodless packs can additionally show to be very beneficial in relieving knee pains. If your knee ache is chronic, your therapist will likely advocate you to go to a doctor, due to the fact you can also want scans to recognize the motive of the problem. Once the purpose is established, your bodily therapist will discover it simpler to decide the proper approach and workout routines to heal the problem, and your medical doctor will understand whether or not surgical treatment will be needed.

How does physical therapy for knee arthritis work?

After inspecting your knee, the physical therapist will work with you to make a cure format that suits your genuine hassle and your needs. The dreams can consist of decreasing your ache and swelling and growing your flexibility, strength, balance, and endurance.

Physical Therapy for Knee include:

Manual therapy. Manual therapy consists of rubdown and manipulation.

Ultrasound. This makes use of sound waves to deal with muscle spasms and pain.

Electrical stimulation. This makes use of a slight electrical modern-day to deal with pain.

He or she may also additionally use warmth and bloodless and may additionally educate you how to use these techniques.

A Word from Very well

The knee is an important joint in the physique that is accountable for walking, hiking stairs, and rising from a seated position. Pain in the knee can restrict one or all of these activities. By working with your bodily therapist and via preserving the knee joint cellular and strong, troubles with knee ache might also be avoided, and your mobility can be maintained.

Physical therapy for Knee nearly continually consists of exercise. It can encompass stretching, doing core exercises, constructing strength, and walking. You may additionally study workout routines that assist in shocking ways—strong core and hip muscle groups can assist manipulate knee aches and make you extra in a position to be active. Your therapist will additionally train your workouts that you can do at home.

Some sorts of Physical therapy for Knee may additionally reason soreness, or even swelling. If it bothers you, be certain to inform your therapist.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Hip-Hop Celebs Who Had Plastic Surgery, from LA To Denver To NYC





If you can make something on your body look better, then why not do it!

That is the motto most women and men in the entertainment industry are going by. And true to this motto, some Hip-Hop artists have come out looking better and feeling more confident in their artistry.

A lot of people in the world today are open to breast and buttocks surgery in addition to facelifts, liposuctions, nose jobs, and even hip enhancements, among many more. Hip-hop celebs happen to be in the limelight and hence, new changes are spotted the moment they hit the red carpet.

Want to find out if your favorite rapper has had something done? Read on to find out.

Cardi B

The New York female rapper has been known to be very vocal about her life and holds nothing back. If it bothers her, you will know. Heard of the new parody going round with a lady shouting ‘coronavirus,’ well then that might as well be our beloved Cardi B.

Belcalis Marlenis Almanzar, aka Cardi B, was raised in South Bronx, and before hitting stardom, she did a couple of odd jobs to survive. One of those jobs was a clerk, and the most known career that put her on a map was being a stripper. Soon after she took to TV on Love and Hip Hop: New York edition, then shorty dropped her hits ‘Bodak Yellow’ and ‘I Like It,’ which saw her rise quickly on the billboards.

The artist has had her breast augmentation, implants in her butt, and, most recently, liposuction [more here]. The lipo took a toll on her as she had to miss a few concerts and bookings, but we have to admit, she looks pretty amazing with her new flat tummy.

Nicki Minaj

Yet another NYC product who has been under the knife is Nicki Minaj, although she denies it.

Most will agree that the transformation was worthwhile. And if you take a look at Nicki’s before and after picture, you can see the work she has had done. For starters, she has had breast and buttocks surgery that is undeniably flawless. Secondly, she has allegedly has had a nose job back in 2009, tooth surgery, butt implants, boob job, and most recently botox.

This list is quite something. Regardless Nicki looks stunning and feels great about her body telling by her choice of clothing — she wants to show it all irrespective of what the tabloids say.

Lil Kim

One of the oldest Hip-Hop artists we have in the industry is Lil Kim, and this list would not have been complete without her.

The star has had a few standard procedures like the plastic surgery Denver Coloradans tend to get.  These are breast enhancements, rhinoplasty, and facelifts. She denies all operations, but let’s be real, even your skin cannot jump shades lighter unless something is done. And also, boobs do not just grow out of the blues; the knife must have had a role to play!

Her makeovers are, however, speculating a bit of traction that she is perhaps taking it a little too far. With the skin lightening and some things seeming off, plastic surgeons in Atlanta and elsewhere could take one look at her and know something is off. But she still denies it firmly.

All in all, we cannot deny that the star seems happy with her new look, irrespective of what people are saying.

Remy Ma

Nikk Minaj nemesis, Remy Ma, also happens to make it to this list. She also made a small screen showing on the Love and Hip Hop: New York.

This was after serving time and coming out looking better than never before.

She came out looking lean and toned out but still rocking her signature colored wigs. Nikki Minaj was the one who created the speculations that Remy Ma might have had some work done on herself, but to date, no pictures can prove it. Regardless, she still makes to this list such that when those pictures finally get here, you already got the news.

Kanye West

We had to include at least one guy on this list to even the playing ground. Yes, men can also go under the knife, and Kanye admitted to having done so during an interview with TMZ.

Kanye had liposuction done on his body that gave him a sturdy frame. He simply did not want people to call him fat as they did to his brother-in-law at his wedding. His surgery was successful, but the aftermath left him addicted to opioids that he also admitted in the interview. But he has fully recovered from it.

This is not an isolated case, as thousands of opioid addicts started right after plastic surgery. Plastic surgeons in Atlanta and all over America, therefore, prescribe the drug with more caution nowadays.

Husband to Kim sure looks good in his new body and is not ashamed of owning it.

Take Away

People have been doing whatever makes them happy since time immemorial, and so if you desire to get your nose fixed or your butt lifted, then why not! You only have one life to live. So do it and do it right.

Continue Reading


Membrane filters you need to know and their properties

Bryan Nesbit



Membrane filters or commonly known as “membranes” are microporous membranes with specific pore size ratings. It is also called a sieve, microporous filter, or screen. Cellulose acetate membrane filter preserves or filter particles bigger than the pore size. If there are particles slighter than the pore size, other mechanisms will be used. There are different types of membrane filters, such as nylon, cellulose acetate, mixed cellulose ester, or MCE membrane filters. Here are more membrane filter types and their attributes.

The mixed cellulose ester

MCE is composed of cellulose acetate and nitrocellulose. It has a high porosity and can provide a higher flow rate. It also has a high level of protein binding, which can be prohibited by pretreatment or application. MCE is a standard membrane that can be used in many laboratory applications, such as filtration and sterilization of biological fluids, pollution analysis, microbiology, and air monitoring. The membrane is able to be converted into transparent to view the particles collected during the filtration process.

Cellulose acetate-

coated cellulose acetate consists of cellulose acetate cast on a non-woven polyester carrier. It has a non-fiber releasing ability, and the protein binding level associated with nitrocellulose is low. It also has a low level of static charge and chemically enhances compatibility with low molecular weight alcohols. The coated cellulose acetate is used as a pre-filter or clarification filter.

Hydrophilic PTFE

Hydrophilic PTFE has characteristics described as having the greatest resistance to chemicals and pH. The membrane has a high level of flow rate and almost no water-extractable. When the membrane is wetted with water, it is transparent to the naked eye, so it is very suitable for use in HPLC, organic solvents, and other aqueous mixtures.


PTFE The characteristic of hydrophobic PTFE is that it has a high porosity is very thin and behaves like a monolithic retention membrane. It also has a passive effect on most corrosive chemical solvents, alkalis, and strong acids. The membrane traps water-containing aerosols by sterilizing the gas. It is also used for gas and air discharge so that gas can freely pass through the membrane, and at the same time prohibit liquid from entering. This protects the best samples and vacuum pumps. In addition, hydrophobic PTFE clarifies and sterilizes strong acids and other solvents that are incompatible with other membrane filters.


nylon membrane filters are made by impregnating polyester fiber webs with polymers made of nylon. This makes the membrane durable, heat-resistant, and essentially hydrophilic. Because it is hydrophilic, it is suitable for alcohol and aqueous samples. The membrane filter can be used to sterilize, filter, and clarify organic aqueous solutions.

Cellulose acetate

The membrane filter is composed of diacetate and cellulose triacetate. It is characterized by high strength and low electrostatic charge. The advantage of using it is that it can be repeatedly disinfected without losing its integrity or changing its bubble point. Associated with MCE membrane filters in stipulations of their solvent confrontation to alcohol molecular weight increase at low levels.  Cellulose acetate is used to enhance the recovery of positive organisms and filter enzyme solutions. It is also used for cytological diagnosis and receptor binding research.

Continue Reading


Rapid production of porous cellulose acetate membrane for water filtration using readily available chemicals






We describe a chemistry lab experiment using everyday elements and readily available chemicals to introduce porous polymer membranes to high school and college students. The principle of membrane filtration is illustrated by filtering solutions containing watercolor pigments or food coloring, while the food coloring is completely soluble in water and easily passes through the membrane. . The laboratory experiment can be performed in a 2 hour activity and is intended to (1) expose students to an exciting new field of materials science. He familiarizes them with porous membranes for the production of drinking water and presents them with a model elimination technique that uses the acid / base theory. In Switzerland, 52 high school students and 55 high school teachers have already successfully completed the laboratory experience and found the activity interesting and motivating.



Importance of safe drinking water

Access to clean and safe drinking water remains a global problem. In developing countries, around 80% of diseases are linked to poor water and sanitation conditions. Among the most common health risks of unclean drinking water are water-borne illnesses caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and protozoan parasites. In a comprehensive study, Bain and colleagues examined the microbial quality of drinking water and estimated that approximately 1.8 billion people worldwide use a source of drinking water contaminated with E. coli or other bacteria. thermotolerant coliforms (TTC).

Various approaches, with their inherent advantages and disadvantages, have been studied for eliminating microorganisms linked to waterborne diseases. The portable water purification devices currently in use include systems based on ultra and microfiltration membranes, ceramic filters, activated carbon filters or chemical halogen disinfection. The disadvantages of the most efficient systems are, in general, their complex installation and their periodic maintenance, which leads to high operating costs and, consequently, makes these systems unsuitable for developing countries. In addition, many point-of-use treatment devices are not effective against all possible contaminants. Therefore, new water treatment technologies are being explored.

Water quality issues are an integral part of many high school chemistry courses, and various experiments have been developed as educational laboratory procedures. Water filtration experiments for the removal of nanomaterials have already been described and a laboratory experiment comparing various biochemical separation technologies (including filtration) has been presented. The experience presented here differs from previous approaches in that the filtering device itself (a porous membrane) is made by students from standard materials, then its separation performance is tested.

Cellulose Acetate Membrane for Water Filtration

In this article, we describe a laboratory experiment to produce a cellulose acetate membrane filter for drinking water which, in its production stages, resembles the commercially available water filter, but which is accomplished using everyday items such as a kitchen blender, glass dishes, rulers and chemicals readily available. The entire experiment can be performed in a 2 hour laboratory exercise. Supporting information for this article includes a student brochure and instructor notes for conducting the classroom experience (approximately 20 to 40 students). The production of membranes is based on the addition of calcium carbonate to a solution of cellulose acetate dissolved in acetone. Glycerol is also added to the reaction mixture and acts as a pore spacer. The polymer solution is then mixed using a kitchen mixer, and the resulting dispersion is spread on a glass plate using a stainless steel ruler. After evaporation of the solvent in ambient air, the calcium carbonate and glycerol particles are washed from the polymer matrix in an acid bath and then rinsed in a water bath.

Functional test of the membrane using watercolor and food coloring

Students test the performance of the membrane obtained with a solution of watercolor and food coloring. Although, when mixed with water, both give colored water, the color of the food used is a water-soluble dye, and watercolor is a dispersion of pigments, with particles between 40 and 80 µm in size. The watercolor solution based on pigments is first passed through the membrane. Then the filtration is repeated with the food coloring solution. In both cases, students are invited to record their observations. The experiments with the two solutions are then repeated with a standard filter for a Buchner funnel.


Equipment and chemicals

The experiment uses the infrastructure and materials available in a university-level chemistry laboratory (see Information on teaching support and notes to students), as well as certain additions, which can be easily obtained:

• Kitchen mixer with at least 800 W of power (eg Philips HR 2195/04)

• Mirror or glass plate (148 × 210 mm2 or larger area)

•           Tape

• Ruler with stainless steel edge or aluminum profile.

• Two plastic tanks for dilute hydrochloric acid and a double boiler.

• Cellulose acetate (Sigma-Aldrich n ° 180955)

• Calcium carbonate (Sigma-Aldrich No. 21069)

• Watercolor (for example, Artists Loft Fundamentals watercolor pans set on

• Food coloring (for example bright blue FCF E133)

Preparation of a solution of cellulose acetate polymer

Preparation of the cellulose acetate dispersion

All of the cellulose acetate membrane filter was transferred to a kitchen mixer. Then, 41 g of calcium carbonate and 17.6 g of glycerol were added, and the suspension was stirred for 3 minutes in the highest setting of the kitchen mixer. The dispersion was placed in a new 250 ml Schott bottle and closed to limit evaporation of the solvent. The kitchen mixer was immediately filled with water to precipitate the remaining dispersion and the polymer waste was deposited in household waste.

Removal of calcium carbonate particles

To remove the calcium carbonate particles, a plastic container was filled with 5 L of water and another container with 5 L of hydrochloric acid (0.24 M). The mirror plate containing the membrane sheet was then immersed in the hydrochloric acid bath. The membrane sheet was released from the mirror plate, and gas bubbles indicated the removal of the calcium carbonate particles. After 10 minutes, the membrane sheet was transferred to the container containing only water and washed for an additional 5 minutes. Finally, the membrane sheet was removed from the water bath and placed on a cloth. Another kitchen towel was used to dry the membrane.

Continue Reading