Trypophobia, which literally means fear of holes, is the name we give to a condition that makes certain people feel aversion or discomfort when exposed to images that create patterns of holes or bumps.
Although very popular on the Internet, trypophobia is not a disease, much less a real phobia. This condition is not recognized by the scientific community nor is it described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) of the American Psychiatric Association, which is the most widely used categorization manual for mental disorders worldwide.
It is important to note that although trypophobia is not considered a mental disorder, it does not mean that there are not millions of people who are truly uncomfortable when seeing images of small holes together, especially if they are in a biological environment, whether on human skin or in another living being (the author of this text is one of them).
In this article, we will explain what trypophobia really is, what its causes are, its symptoms, and why it is so little studied scientifically, even though it is so common.
What is Trypophobia?
If you can barely look at the images below, if you feel terrible distress, feeling uncomfortable, and even itchy skin, you probably have a so-called trypophobia.
The name trypophobia, despite seeming scientific, was created on the Internet, probably in 2009 on a Facebook page. The author of the page noticed that he felt distressed when seeing certain holes and decided to create a community to know how common he felt was common. In a short time, the page became immensely popular and the term ended up catching on.
Therefore, the word trypophobia is not a scientific term nor was it created with the intuition of describing a widely studied and clearly characterized condition. Depending on the source you search for, definitions may vary. In general, trypophobia is a feeling of aversion to grouped images of small holes or reliefs.
As already mentioned, trypophobia is more common when these images of small holes are associated with the skin or living beings, as in the photos above. As we will see later, trypophobia is more intense if it arouses in the individual a feeling of being linked to a disease or a parasite’s presence.
When we use the same geometric pattern in images that do not clearly arouse the idea of skin disease, as in the images below, the number of people who report feeling uncomfortable drops a lot.
What seems to cause the discomfort are not the geometric images themselves, but the type of memory or sensation they awaken. If the patterns of holes or reliefs make the individual think of diseases, skin lesions, poisonous animal burrows, or toxic or contagious substances, trypophobia is more likely to arise.
TRIPOPHOBIA IS A REAL PHOBIA?
Trypophobia is not a real phobia. We consider phobia to be a type of anxiety disorder that is characterized by significant fear of a particular object or situation. Classically, the phobia leads the individual to behave in an uncontrolled and evasive manner, that is, to flee in fear.
The feeling of fear that a person with a phobia of cockroach, spider, height, airplane, needles, or closed places feels is infinitely more intense than the uncomfortable sensation that a set of small holes causes in most people. Seeing an uncomfortable or disgusting image may even cause some discomfort, but it will never have the same negative influence on your life that real phobias do. People who claim to have trypophobia do not lose control when they see small holes. You may not be able to look for a long time and some people report itchy skin, but the sense of panic from a real phobia does not exist in the vast majority of cases.
However, it is important to note that there is a phobia for everything. There may be people with a real fear of these little holes. However, the patient fits into what we call a specific phobia, which is a widely recognized psychiatric disorder.
SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON TRYPOPHOBIA
Because it is not a real disease and because it does not impact people’s lives, trypophobia is a condition that has been little studied and practically ignored by psychiatrists.
The few scientific papers published have focused on the causes of this bad feeling, which apparently has an evolutionary origin.
The first study published on the subject is 2013, in the journal Psychological Science. In it, the researchers speculate that trypophobia may have an evolutionary basis, as these groups of holes share visual characteristics with venomous animals (or their dens) that humans and their ancestors have learned to avoid as a matter of survival.
A 2017 study by the Journal Cognition and Emotion suggests another theory about the origin of disgust at these holes and protrusions. The researchers believe that these geometric patterns resemble contagious or parasitic diseases that mainly affect the skin. Aversion to similar images would therefore be a defense mechanism for the individual to avoid and move away from potentially contagious skin lesions.
The few existing studies have shown that there is a wide variety of signs and symptoms among trypophobes. In the mildest – and most common – cases, the individual reports only a feeling of aversion, with no other associated signs. In the most intense cases, the individuals studied tachycardia (fast heartbeat), damp hands, itchy body, need to rub hands on the skin, nausea, and even episodes of panic and fainting.
In the most intense cases, the association with other psychiatric disorders is very common, especially with other phobias and anxiety disorders.
In the vast majority of cases, patients with trypophobia do not need any treatment, as the problem has no impact on their quality of life. If you want the images to stop bothering you, the simplest way is to see several images of holes and protrusions get your brain used to them. Over time, you end up creating tolerance. However, if the images provoke more than just a feeling of disgust, you should seek help from a psychiatrist. In such cases, treatment is basically the same as other types of phobia, through cognitive behavioral therapy.
What should you watch out for in cold therapy?
Cold therapy is also called cryotherapy. And this therapy is an application of physical medicine. This cold therapy can be used both systematically and locally. It is always intended for therapeutic purposes. The main area of application is still to be used in traumatology. It has also become an integral part of rheumatology. Cold therapy can alleviate or prevent illness. The area of application with cold therapy is broad.
The aim of the application
Cold therapy always has one aim and that would be to remove the heat from the tissue to be treated. Muscular relaxation should also be achieved. Which then has the effect of taking the pain away.
The differences in application
there are basically two types of application of cold therapy. There is short-term use and long-term use. The various forms of therapy differ in very clear features. Of course, the effect also differs. The short-term application of cold therapy never lasts longer than 10-15 minutes. The result is that the blood flow to the deep and superficial muscles is locally reduced. After the cold is withdrawn again, the blood circulation is stimulated and strengthened and the tissue is warmed up. Long-term use takes between one and two hours. The cold therapy results in a significant reduction in body temperature. The blood circulation naturally also comes to a standstill. This application is usually used for inflammation.
In any case, the pain is completely eliminated. However, it must be taken into account that the bleeding will be inhibited. Blood pressure and heart rate will also clearly increase. As for cold therapy, it can be carried out in a variety of ways. In all applications, however, it is certain that the cold stimulus is present. As different as the methods are, as different are the temperatures of the refrigeration applications. The place of use and the duration of use can also differ greatly. It is important to ensure that only the affected area is exposed to the cold, and if ice packs are used, the area of the skin must be covered. The rest of the body is ideally wrapped up warm. This is the only way to avoid catching a cold or getting hypothermic.
8 reasons why cold therapy is good for you:
1. Cold therapy strengthens the immune system
Regular use of cold therapy can strengthen the immune system and prevent diseases. You can find more tips on how to strengthen your immune system.
2. It relieves pain
Studies show that cold therapy has a pain-relieving effect. A cold application is used in particular for chronic and inflammatory joint diseases.
3 For depression, cold therapy can improve the state of mind
The cold reduces the production of the stress hormone cortisol. This can have a positive effect on mild depression.
4 It promotes regeneration in athletes
Through the application of cold, the stressed muscles are supplied with more blood and can therefore regenerate more quickly. If you have sore muscles,
5 Cold helps you lose weight
Regular use can activate the brown fat cells in the body and thus burn them off. Have a look here if you want to know what exactly happens in the body when you lose weight.
6 Firms the connective tissue
Due to the improved blood circulation, the connective tissue can be tightened and a beautiful complexion is created.
7 Cold helps with insomnia
The reduced production of the stress hormone cortisol also has a positive effect on sleep. By the way.
8 Cold therapy increases general wellbeing
Whether it’s the adrenaline or the endorphins, the subsequent warmth that flows through the body, or simply the feeling of having overcome yourself – after just a few minutes you will feel good!
Is There Any Effect of Wedding Cake Strain
Despite its name, the Wedding Cake strain is not exactly a wedding cake, but rather earthy and sour. There is only a slight sweetness towards the end. Despite its deceiving name, the Wedding Cake strain is extremely potent, with THC levels around 27%.
As a guest at a wedding, your mind is firmly focused on the party, and you are thinking about guava cake and ice cream after the ceremony. It’s absolutely beautiful and all, but the initial union is so mind-numbing! The after-party may include marijuana, along with liberal amounts of alcohol, depending on who is getting married and what kind of guests are invited!
What Is the Wedding Cake Strain?
The Wedding Cake strain was created through a cross between Cherry Pie and Girl Scout Cookies (GSC). There are certain budsmen who believe it is actually a cross between Animal Mints and Triangle Kush. The strain was originally bred in Southern California. The breed was later brought to Colorado by a breeder called Kind Love. A variety of OG Kush bred by Darkheart Nursery, Skywalker strain is a cross between Mazar, Blueberry, and Blueberry. This strain was created from a clone that was developed by Dutch Passion Seeds. Skywalker OG strain features notes of citrus hops and spice. It induces mellow, euphoric effects and increases awareness and creativity.
Wedding Cake Aroma
Its alluring aroma is rewarded once you see past the earthy and doughy scent. Despite its backcrossed genetics, this strain retained the tart and sugary characteristics of its lineage.
Wedding Cake Flavor
When you smell this, you are surprised to find that the soil and sour flavors take over your taste buds. However, the sweetness comes through after a short time. To get the best flavor, we suggest using a vaporizer set to a low temperature.
Wedding Cake Appearance
The tops and sides of the calyxes are covered with trichomes. This weed has an aesthetic of sugar cookies with its pinkish-red and grape shades. There are many buds that look like teardrops. Wedding Cake is sometimes referred to as ‘Pink Cookie’ because of its pink color.
Wedding Cake Strain Grow Info
You cannot easily obtain Wedding Cake seeds. Due to the lack of growth information shared by its cultivators, growing this strain may require trial and error. Cuttings from female plants are best.
Allow a bit of humidity in the air with your fan and exhaust system. Flowering should occur between 7 and 9 weeks. Indoor yields range from 18-21 ounces per square meter.
When growing it outside, seek a warm, sunny, slightly humid climate. Use rich soil for growing. You should be able to harvest your crop by late September or mid-October. Outdoor Wedding Cake growers can expect a bounty of 21 ounces per plant.
THC Content – Highest Test
Wedding Cake has a reputation for being a powerhouse. These strains have been found to contain THC levels of 27%!
CBD Content – Highest Test
In general, Wedding Cake contains approximately 0.1% CBD, rarely over 0.23%. Therefore, it commonly has a THC: CBD ratio of around 250:1. Beta-caryophyllene, more commonly found in plants with high CBD content, also creates a similar effect to Harlequin. Since Wedding Cake terpenes stimulate CB2 receptors, this strain is excellent for medicinal use.
What Are Wedding Cake’s Likely Effects?
Earlier, we mentioned that Wedding Cake was a very potent strain. As such, it’s probably not the best choice for an after-wedding party toke – unless you intend to head home soon afterward.
You’ll probably feel mildly psychedelic, and you’ll see everything in high definition! Beginners might find this a bit disconcerting, but experienced cannabis consumers shouldn’t find it too confusing. Fortunately, this strain is an excellent option for feeling relaxed and calm.
The effect of Wedding Cake Strain is that while standing right in the middle of a crowd, you will feel more like a spectator rather than a participant.
Medical Benefits of the Wedding Cake Strain
The Wedding Cake strain is used by some cannabis consumers to manage anxiety and depression due to its uplifting effects.
There is a popular marijuana strain called Wedding Cake that is commonly prescribed for pain associated with musculoskeletal conditions such as arthritis, sciatica, and fibromyalgia. As well as treating neurological conditions, the Wedding Cake strain is also used to relieve symptoms of Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Effects of the Wedding Cake Strain
The majority of high-THC strains can cause adverse side effects. The use of too much can lead to problems such as cottonmouth or red eyes. When suffering from predisposed anxiety or panic disorders, it can result in panic attacks in rare cases.
Final Thoughts on the Wedding Cake Strain
An intense strain, Wedding Cake can temporarily relieve pain, anxiety, and depression. You swear it tastes just like dabbing a concentrate! It has an extremely high level of THC! The strain is a relaxing smoke, but it may not be suitable for beginners or anyone who is sensitive to weed. Wedding Cakes with higher CBD content and lower THC levels are available. This may reduce the chance of experiencing side effects. Your mind will feel energized after using it, and you might break out into uncontrollable giggles. As a result of the relaxation, you may drift into a peaceful sleep.
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) treatment.
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth syndrome, also known by the acronym SBID, or SIBO, is a condition in which there is an overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine, reaching values similar to the number of bacteria present in the large intestine.
Although bacteria are important for the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients, when they are in excess they can cause intestinal problems, which result in symptoms such as excessive gas, constant feeling of a bloated stomach, abdominal pain, and constant diarrhea, for example. Also, altering nutrient absorption, in some people can result in malnutrition, even if the person is eating correctly.
This syndrome is curable and can be treated, in many cases, with changes in diet and lifestyle, but it can also include the use of antibiotics prescribed by the gastroenterologist after doing a SIBO test.
When several causes of gastrointestinal problems have been ruled out and a solution is found, the SIBO investigation must be carried out. Excess bacteria in the small intestine can lead to the release of hydrogen and methane gases, which can be identified through a breath test. This test is non-invasive and can be performed at home or in a doctor’s office. To take the exam, fasting is required. During the test, you will breathe into a tube. You will then drink a special sweet drink provided by your doctor. You will breathe into a series of additional tubes at regular intervals for 2-3 hours after drinking. If breath testing is not available, urinary metabolite tests can be performed or small bowel fluid samples can be collected for identification of bacteria.
How SIBO influences health status
Despite being a disorder that is not well understood and needs further study, it is known that it can occur when the small intestine has anatomical abnormalities, changes in pH, or poor muscle activity in its functions, which means that food and bacteria are not removed from the organ and consequently influence the immune system not to function properly.
SIBO symptoms are common to several gastrointestinal pathologies and can easily be confused with viral gastroenteritis or stomach disease, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, hypochlorhydria, or low levels of stomach acid, gastroparesis, portal hypertension, or bowel syndrome is irritable. All have in common symptoms that mainly affect the intestine, such as stomach pain, especially after eating, bloating, cramps, diarrhea, constipation, indigestion, gas/flatulence, or regular feeling of fullness, but it can also lead to weight loss.
Some patients with SIBO have associated weight loss or deficiencies in various vitamins or minerals. This can lead to deficiency syndromes. Most patients with SIBO will need supplementation with vitamin B12, fat-soluble vitamins, calcium, and magnesium. Lactase deficiency may be associated with SIBO due to mucosal inflammation of the brush boundary and therefore often prohibiting lactose-containing foods until the condition resolves. The low FODMAP diet, the specific carbohydrate diet, and the gut and psychology diet are some diets that are recommended in this condition.
Treatment of bacterial overgrowth
The keystone of SIBO treatment is of course antibiotic therapy, decreasing or even eradicating the excessive bacteria and thus decreasing the pathological mutations they cause in the small intestine. While the effect is often sufficiently directed to induce some researchers to support empirical antibiotics when the diagnosis is suspected, this can hinder the study of the disease due to:
• The significant cost of therapy
• The placebo effect which is large enough to be statistically significant
• The frequent need for multiple courses of antibiotics to manage overgrowth
• Potential complications of antibiotic treatment, such as drug resistance and adverse effects
In one study, a course of antibiotics could be expected to alleviate symptoms for 22 days on average so it would be impractical to consider antibiotic therapy alone in this condition, as it would require a minimum of 12 courses per year.
The most commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of SIBO are mostly chosen on the basis of experience, rather than sensitivity and culture studies, which would not be cost-effective. Among the first were tetracyclines, followed by the combination, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, rifaximin which is a derivative of rifamycin, and amoxicillin-clavulanate metronidazole. Ciprofloxacin and metronidazole appear to be more effective, especially in SIBO associated with Crohn’s disease. However, all symptoms do not respond constantly.
Fabian-mueller.net is now exploring the treatment of SIBO, especially finding and eliminating the causes of SIBO, Displacement of colon germs and Build up a healthy flora in the small intestine, and support bowel function. While the initial results were positive with respect to lasting and reliable symptom relief, confirmatory work remains to be done.
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